Christ is true human and true God. In his human nature Christ is not now on earth; 2 but in his divinity, majesty, grace, and Spirit he is never absent from us. If his humanity is not present wherever his divinity is, then aren't the two natures of Christ separated from each other?
Since divinity is not limited and is present everywhere, 1 it is evident that Christ's divinity is surely beyond the bounds of the humanity that has been taken on, but at the same time his divinity is in and remains personally united to his humanity. How does Christ's ascension to heaven benefit us? First, he is our advocate in heaven in the presence of his Father. Second, we have our own flesh in heaven as a sure pledge that Christ our head will also take us, his members, up to himself.
Third, he sends his Spirit to us on earth as a corresponding pledge. Why the next words: "and is seated at the right hand of God"? Because Christ ascended to heaven to show there that he is head of his church, 1 the one through whom the Father rules all things. How does this glory of Christ our head benefit us? First, through his Holy Spirit he pours out gifts from heaven upon us his members. How does Christ's return "to judge the living and the dead" comfort you? In all distress and persecution, with uplifted head I confidently await the very judge who has already offered himself to the judgment of God in my place and removed the whole curse from me.
What do you believe concerning "the Holy Spirit"? First, that the Spirit, with the Father and the Son, is eternal God. Second, that the Spirit is given also to me, 2 so that, through true faith, he makes me share in Christ and all his benefits 3 through true faith, comforts me, 4 and will remain with me forever.
What do you believe concerning "the holy catholic church"? I believe that the Son of God through his Spirit and Word, 1 out of the entire human race, 2 from the beginning of the world to its end, 3 gathers, protects, and preserves for himself a community chosen for eternal life 4 and united in true faith. What do you understand by "the communion of saints"?
First, that believers one and all, as members of this community, share in Christ and in all his treasures and gifts. Second, that each member should consider it a duty to use these gifts readily and joyfully for the service and enrichment of the other members. What do you believe concerning "the forgiveness of sins"? I believe that God, because of Christ's satisfaction, will no longer remember any of my sins 1 or my sinful nature which I need to struggle against all my life. Rather, by grace God grants me the righteousness of Christ to free me forever from judgment. How does "the resurrection of the body" comfort you?
No Rest For The Wicked
Not only will my soul be taken immediately after this life to Christ its head, 1 but also my very flesh will be raised by the power of Christ, reunited with my soul and made like Christ's glorious body. How does the article concerning "life everlasting" comfort you? Even as I already now experience in my heart the beginning of eternal joy, 1 so after this life I will have perfect blessedness such as no eye has seen, no ear has heard, no human heart has ever imagined: a blessedness in which to praise God forever.
What good does it do you, however, to believe all this? In Christ I am righteous before God and heir to life everlasting. How are you righteous before God? Only by true faith in Jesus Christ. Even though my conscience accuses me of having grievously sinned against all God's commandments, of never having kept any of them, 2 and of still being inclined toward all evil, 3 nevertheless, without any merit of my own, 4 out of sheer grace, 5 God grants and credits to me the perfect satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ, 6 as if I had never sinned nor been a sinner, and as if I had been as perfectly obedient as Christ was obedient for me.
Why do you say that through faith alone you are righteous?
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Not because I please God by the worthiness of my faith. It is because only Christ's satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness make me righteous before God, 1 and because I can accept this righteousness and make it mine in no other way than through faith. Why can't our good works be our righteousness before God, or at least a part of our righteousness?
Because the righteousness which can pass God's judgment must be entirely perfect and must in every way measure up to the divine law. How can our good works be said to merit nothing when God promises to reward them in this life and the next? This reward is not earned; it is a gift of grace. But doesn't this teaching make people indifferent and wicked? It is impossible for those grafted into Christ through true faith not to produce fruits of gratitude. It is through faith alone that we share in Christ and all his benefits: where then does that faith come from?
The Holy Spirit produces it in our hearts 1 by the preaching of the holy gospel, 2 and confirms it by the use of the holy sacraments. What are sacraments? Sacraments are visible, holy signs and seals. They were instituted by God so that by our use of them he might make us understand more clearly the promise of the gospel, and seal that promise. And this is God's gospel promise: to grant us forgiveness of sins and eternal life by grace because of Christ's one sacrifice accomplished on the cross. Are both the word and the sacraments then intended to focus our faith on the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross as the only ground of our salvation?
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In the gospel the Holy Spirit teaches us and by the holy sacraments confirms that our entire salvation rests on Christ's one sacrifice for us on the cross. How many sacraments did Christ institute in the New Testament? Two: holy baptism and the holy supper. How does holy baptism remind and assure you that Christ's one sacrifice on the cross benefits you personally? In this way: Christ instituted this outward washing 1 and with it promised that, as surely as water washes away the dirt from the body, so certainly his blood and his Spirit wash away my soul's impurity, that is, all my sins.
What does it mean to be washed with Christ's blood and Spirit? To be washed with Christ's blood means that God, by grace, has forgiven our sins because of Christ's blood poured out for us in his sacrifice on the cross. To be washed with Christ's Spirit means that the Holy Spirit has renewed and sanctified us to be members of Christ, so that more and more we become dead to sin and live holy and blameless lives.
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Where does Christ promise that we are washed with his blood and Spirit as surely as we are washed with the water of baptism? In the institution of baptism, where he says:. This promise is repeated when Scripture calls baptism "the water of rebirth" 3 and the washing away of sins. Does this outward washing with water itself wash away sins? No, only Jesus Christ's blood and the Holy Spirit cleanse us from all sins. Why then does the Holy Spirit call baptism the washing of rebirth and the washing away of sins?
God has good reason for these words. To begin with, God wants to teach us that the blood and Spirit of Christ take away our sins just as water removes dirt from the body. But more important, God wants to assure us, by this divine pledge and sign, that we are as truly washed of our sins spiritually as our bodies are washed with water physically. Should infants also be baptized? Yes, Infants as well as adults are included in God's covenant and people, 1 and they, no less than adults, are promised deliverance from sin through Christ's blood and the Holy Spirit who produces faith.
Therefore, by baptism, the sign of the covenant, they too should be incorporated into the Christian church and distinguished from the children of unbelievers. How does the holy supper remind and assure you that you share in Christ's one sacrifice on the cross and in all his benefits? In this way: Christ has commanded me and all believers to eat this broken bread and to drink this cup in remembrance of him. With this command come these promises: 1. First, as surely as I see with my eyes the bread of the Lord broken for me and the cup shared with me, so surely his body was offered and broken for me and his blood poured out for me on the cross.
Second, as surely as I receive from the hand of the one who serves, and taste with my mouth the bread and cup of the Lord, given me as sure signs of Christ's body and blood, so surely he nourishes and refreshes my soul for eternal life with his crucified body and poured-out blood. What does it mean to eat the crucified body of Christ and to drink his poured-out blood? It means to accept with a believing heart the entire suffering and death of Christ and thereby to receive forgiveness of sins and eternal life. But it means more. Through the Holy Spirit, who lives both in Christ and in us, we are united more and more to Christ's blessed body.
Where does Christ promise to nourish and refresh believers with his body and blood as surely as they eat this broken bread and drink this cup? In the institution of the Lord's Supper:. Do this in remembrance of me. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me. The bread that we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ? Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread.
Do the bread and wine become the real body and blood of Christ? Just as the water of baptism is not changed into Christ's blood and does not itself wash away sins but is simply a divine sign and assurance 1 of these things, so too the holy bread of the Lord's Supper does not become the actual body of Christ, 2 even though it is called the body of Christ 3 in keeping with the nature and language of sacraments.
Why then does Christ call the bread his body and the cup his blood, or the new covenant in his blood, and Paul use the words, a participation in Christ's body and blood? Christ has good reason for these words. He wants to teach us that just as bread and wine nourish the temporal life, so too his crucified body and poured-out blood are the true food and drink of our souls for eternal life.
But more important, he wants to assure us, by this visible sign and pledge, that we, through the Holy Spirit's work, share in his true body and blood as surely as our mouths receive these holy signs in his remembrance, 2 and that all of his suffering and obedience are as definitely ours as if we personally had suffered and made satisfaction for our sins. The Lord's Supper declares to us that all our sins are completely forgiven through the one sacrifice of Jesus Christ, which he himself accomplished on the cross once for all.
But the Mass teaches that the living and the dead do not have their sins forgiven through the suffering of Christ unless Christ is still offered for them daily by the priests. It also teaches that Christ is bodily present under the form of bread and wine where Christ is therefore to be worshiped. Thus the Mass is basically nothing but a denial of the one sacrifice and suffering of Jesus Christ and a condemnable idolatry. The translation here given is of the expanded text of the third edition. Who should come to the Lord's table? Those who are displeased with themselves because of their sins, but who nevertheless trust that their sins are pardoned and that their remaining weakness is covered by the suffering and death of Christ, and who also desire more and more to strengthen their faith and to lead a better life.
Hypocrites and those who are unrepentant, however, eat and drink judgment on themselves. Should those be admitted to the Lord's Supper who show by what they profess and how they live that they are unbelieving and ungodly? No, that would dishonor God's covenant and bring down God's wrath upon the entire congregation. What are the keys of the kingdom? The preaching of the holy gospel and Christian discipline toward repentance.
Both of them open the kingdom of heaven to believers and close it to unbelievers. How does preaching the holy gospel open and close the kingdom of heaven? According to the command of Christ, The kingdom of heaven is opened by proclaiming and publicly declaring to all believers, each and every one, that, as often as they accept the gospel promise in true faith, God, because of Christ's merit, truly forgives all their sins.
The kingdom of heaven is closed, however, by proclaiming and publicly declaring to unbelievers and hypocrites that, as long as they do not repent, the wrath of God and eternal condemnation rest on them. God's judgment, both in this life and in the life to come, is based on this gospel testimony. How is the kingdom of heaven closed and opened by Christian discipline? According to the command of Christ: Those who, though called Christians, profess unchristian teachings or live unchristian lives, and who after repeated personal and loving admonitions, refuse to abandon their errors and evil ways, and who after being reported to the church, that is, to those ordained by the church for that purpose, fail to respond also to the church's admonitions—such persons the church excludes from the Christian community by withholding the sacraments from them, and God also excludes them from the kingdom of Christ.
Since we have been delivered from our misery by grace through Christ without any merit of our own, why then should we do good works? Because Christ, having redeemed us by his blood, is also restoring us by his Spirit into his image, so that with our whole lives we may show that we are thankful to God for his benefits, 1 so that he may be praised through us, 2 so that we may be assured of our faith by its fruits, 3 and so that by our godly living our neighbors may be won over to Christ.
Can those be saved who do not turn to God from their ungrateful and unrepentant ways? By no means. Scripture tells us that no unchaste person, no idolater, adulterer, thief, no covetous person, no drunkard, slanderer, robber, or the like will inherit the kingdom of God. What is involved in genuine repentance or conversion? Two things: the dying-away of the old self, and the rising-to-life of the new.
What is the dying-away of the old self? To be genuinely sorry for sin and more and more to hate and run away from it. What is the rising-to-life of the new self? Wholehearted joy in God through Christ 1 and a love and delight to live according to the will of God by doing every kind of good work. What are good works? Only those which are done out of true faith, 1 conform to God's law, 2 and are done for God's glory; 3 and not those based on our own opinion or human tradition.
What is God's law? God spoke all these words:. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments. Six days you shall labor and do all your work.
But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it. How are these commandments divided? Into two tables. The first has four commandments, teaching us how we ought to live in relation to God.
The second has six commandments, teaching us what we owe our neighbor. What does the Lord require in the first commandment?
That I, not wanting to endanger my own salvation, avoid and shun all idolatry, 1 sorcery, superstitious rites, 2 and prayer to saints or to other creatures. That I rightly know the only true God, 4 trust him alone, 5 and look to God for every good thing 6 humbly 7 and patiently, 8 and love, 9 fear, 10 and honor 11 God with all my heart. What is idolatry? Idolatry is having or inventing something in which one trusts in place of or alongside of the only true God, who has revealed himself in the Word. What is God's will for us in the second commandment? That we in no way make any image of God 1 nor worship him in any other way than has been commanded in God's Word.
May we then not make any image at all? God can not and may not be visibly portrayed in any way. Although creatures may be portrayed, yet God forbids making or having such images if one's intention is to worship them or to serve God through them. But may not images be permitted in churches in place of books for the unlearned? No, we should not try to be wiser than God. God wants the Christian community instructed by the living preaching of his Word 1 —not by idols that cannot even talk.
What is the aim of the third commandment? That we neither blaspheme nor misuse the name of God by cursing, 1 perjury, 2 or unnecessary oaths, 3 nor share in such horrible sins by being silent bystanders. In summary, we should use the holy name of God only with reverence and awe, 5 so that we may properly confess God, 6 pray to God, 7 and glorify God in all our words and works.
Is blasphemy of God's name by swearing and cursing really such serious sin that God is angry also with those who do not do all they can to help prevent and forbid it? Yes, indeed; 1 No sin is greater or provokes God's wrath more than blaspheming his name. That is why God commanded it to be punished with death. But may we swear an oath in God's name if we do it reverently?
Yes, when the government demands it, or when necessity requires it, in order to maintain and promote truth and trustworthiness for God's glory and our neighbor's good. May we also swear by saints or other creatures? A legitimate oath means calling upon God as the only one who knows my heart to witness to my truthfulness and to punish me if I swear falsely. What is God's will for you in the fourth commandment?
First, that the gospel ministry and education for it be maintained, 1 and that, especially on the festive day of rest, I diligently attend the assembly of God's people 2 to learn what God's Word teaches, 3 to participate in the sacraments, 4 to pray to God publicly, 5 and to bring Christian offerings for the poor. Second, that every day of my life I rest from my evil ways, let the Lord work in me through his Spirit, and so begin in this life the eternal Sabbath. What is God's will for you in the fifth commandment?
That I honor, love, and be loyal to my father and mother and all those in authority over me; that I submit myself with proper obedience to all their good teaching and discipline; 1 and also that I be patient with their failings 2 —for through them God chooses to rule us. What is God's will for you in the sixth commandment? I am not to belittle, hate, insult, or kill my neighbor—not by my thoughts, my words, my look or gesture, and certainly not by actual deeds—and I am not to be party to this in others; 1 rather, I am to put away all desire for revenge.
Does this commandment refer only to murder? By forbidding murder God teaches us that he hates the root of murder: envy, hatred, anger, vindictiveness. Is it enough then that we do not murder our neighbor in any such way? By condemning envy, hatred, and anger God wants us to love our neighbors as ourselves, 1 to be patient, peace-loving, gentle, merciful, and friendly toward them, 2 to protect them from harm as much as we can, and to do good even to our enemies. What does the seventh commandment teach us? That God condemns all unchastity, 1 and that therefore we should thoroughly detest it 2 and live decent and chaste lives, 3 within or outside of the holy state of marriage.
Does God, in this commandment, forbid only such scandalous sins as adultery? We are temples of the Holy Spirit, body and soul, and God wants both to be kept clean and holy. That is why God forbids all unchaste actions, looks, talk, thoughts, or desires, 1 and whatever may incite someone to them. BFG edition is not a bundle After you start Doom 3 BFG you can choose which doom game you wanna play And I like this version of Doom 3 better because I think it's a bit brighter then the original and able to hold a gun and flashlight at the same time BFG Edition is one game in your library that includes what I mentioned above.
As I said before, it has issues in that all of the games are censored or modified from the original releases. SOME of the changes are positive, most are negative.
What Jesus Christ’s Resurrection Means
Doom 3 originally had a stronger emphasis on horror. Positives: -No censorship of the classics. The gamers that missed Doom 3 or the classics in the day and just one a package of them. Positives: -Includes all the major important releases of the series. Yes it is missing Master Levels and Final Doom but they were more cash grab releases. Still good with some great maps but not vital parts of the experience. Doom 2 has the Wolfenstein secret levels gutted.
Resurrection of Evil has arcade machines replaced a Doom 3 arcade machine and a sequence involving a hazmat suit removed. As a fanboy MY pick is the classics. If so pick that version. Last edited by DogMeat ; 28 Aug, am. One more question really. Does the classic Doom have keyboard and mouse support or keyboard only?
I tried Quake 2 demo and Bioshock recently and they had some really weird configurations. I like to be able to use my keyboard and mouse like a normal FPS of today. And does Doom allow for up and down firing or you just face the direction and fire? I played it on the SNES and you basically just looked in the direction and pressed the button. Edit: Actually I was reading the discussions and seeing it is old style game play with keyboard only, unless you use mods perhaps.
Thank you for everyone's help, you all went above and beyond. I think I will just go with the original versions and hope I can get mouse support as well for the original Dooms and I do not have to mess around too much to get them working, since I am computer illiterate. Use z or gz doom. Last edited by DogMeat ; 29 Aug, am. Well thanks to the recommendations and suggestions, I went with the original bundles for both.
I had previously played 3 on the original XBOX and know it suffered with only a few, if maybe even only a couple of enemies on the screen at one time and no way to fix the horrible flashlight concept. I have not played enough of both to know, especially the original Dooms, if I will feel sick or not. I think I may, but for some reason I jump around games so much when it comes to the older ones, so it does not affect if it could. I shall definately try out the source ports or mods and see the improvements or total convertion games.
All the mods made the base games last much longer than even some of these newly bought games. In fact I prefer some older mods to newer games myself. Sadly not everyone does and some purely online mods suffer with lack of servers and players. Also I am hearing different Doom versions like Zdoom or something and a few others. The way they were talking they were stand alone games cloning Doom so you can play it for free. But maybe I miss understood them and they were just talking you needed the main game the original Dooms and then then their mod to make different things work.
They mentioned some about being afraid to download from certain sites, but the official site should be fine, so it made me a little wary.